Coronary artery disease is a type of condition that involves the narrowing of the coronary artery. The main cause of this disease is atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a buildup of cholesterol on the inner wall of the arteries. These deposits prevent the proper flow of blood in the heart muscles.
When there is no adequate flow of oxygen in the heart muscles, your heart will not function properly. Oxygen and essential nutrient will not be supplied to the heard. A patient starts to experience various symptoms like chest pain. There are other conditions that have almost the same symptoms as coronary heart disease. Pulmonary hypertension requires the help of cardiologists because they have almost the same symptoms as heart conditions.
There are many sypto9ns that a patient eyepiece when their artery is clogged by fatty deposits. Angina is the most common symptoms that many people experience. People describe angina like chest pain, heaviness, tightness, burning, or squeezing. The level of symptoms depends on the extent of how much your blood is restricted by a narrow artery. Other symptoms that people experience include sweating, shortness of breath, dizziness, and pain in the shoulder.
Your heart will start to die slowly if not treated. Due to the low supply of nutrients and oxygen, your heart becomes weak. It will develop abnormal heart rhythms, a condition called arrhythmia. Consequently, your heart will be unable to supply blood that other parts of the body require. Once you visit the cardiologist, they will easily detect these heart issues.
Coronary artery disease affects both men and women. There are multiple factors that accelerate the risk of developing this condition. The older you get the more you become; as you age, metabolism lower and your body cannot metabolize fats with ease. Other factors include family history, high cholesterol level, smoking, poor diet, being overweight, and not exercising. There are some conditions like diabetes and hypertension that put a patient at a risk.
Once you discover these symptoms, it is essential to visit a doctor for physical examination. There are a couple of hospitals like Princeton Interventional Cardiology that specialize in heart-related conditions. Visiting such facilities is essential because they have the experience, seasoned cardiologist and equipment. If a doctor suspects you have this disease, he/she may request you to do various tests.
Electrogram is the most common test which monitors the heartbeat and rhythm. Echocardiogram uses sound waves to see the image of the heart; the doctor will clearly see the size and shape of the organ. A chest x-ray detects the sign of heart failure. The physician may also require you to send blood samples to the lab in order to tests things like cholesterol, fats, sugar, and protein. Another test that you may be required to do includes stress tests and coronary angiograms.
Treatment of coronary artery disease usually involves a change in lifestyle. Quitting smoking, eating healthy food, regular exercise, losing weight and reducing stress are among ways that can help a person to cure or control the condition. If the disease is in an advanced stage, operations such as coronary artery bypass and percutaneous coronary revascularization. Among drugs used to hand this constant includes aspirin, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, nitroglycerin, among others.